1. An ageing Population — A Challenge for the Employment Policy
For several decades the share of older people in the population has gradually increased in the industrialised countries. This development started early in the Scandinavian countries, especially Sweden, but is now prevalent in all industrialised countries and also in many others. Table 1 shows the development between 1975 and 2000 in a number of countries and a forecast for development up to year 2030 made by the U.S. Department of Commerce and U.S. Census Bureau.