EUROPEAN PAPERS ON THE NEW WELFARE

Activity and Health in Old Ages: A Reciprocal Influence

Cristina Giudici: University “La Sapienza”, Rome.


1. Introduction

In the context of the European debate on ageing, a central question is the evolution of health status of population and in particular the trade-off between quantity and quality of life: is the increase of the individual length of life accompanied by an increase in the quality of life? And what do we mean by ‘quality’ of years lived?
Read More

Mental Health: Another Dimension of Health and Ageing

1. Introduction

Life expectancy in the United States continues to rise, reaching another all-time high of 77.6 years. While long life is almost always celebrated, it is merely the quantitative aspect of one’s existence. How the quality of life of a long-lived individual is affected by a prolonged period of living is a question not posed often enough. One of the major concerns of a long life is the possibility of ill health since the chances of frailty and dependency tend to rise with age. This paper discusses issues concerning quantity of life and quality of life in the context of health and ageing. Although the frame of reference is that of the United States, some of the observations and implications may have relevance for other countries as well1.
Read More

Sustainable Development and Quality of Life in the Ageing Societies

1. Introduction

Ageing of industrialised countries is changing the demographic structure of modern societies, and has a significant effect on all aspects of society. The US Census Bureau (www.census.gov/), for example, predicts that by 2020 the number of people over the age 100 will increase by more than 200% from 71,000 to 241,000 in the next 15 years. The sustainable development paradigm was formalised by the Brundtland report in 1987 (Brundtland, 1987). This paradigm requires a development that ensures that future generations are left with the same or better possibilities for their own development. Read More