EUROPEAN PAPERS ON THE NEW WELFARE

Aging of the Elderly: An Intragenerational Funding Approach to Long-term Care

Abstract
The persistent gains in longevity at older ages, “aging of the elderly,” along with the imminent retirement of large baby-boom cohorts, imply that new ways will be needed to pay for the costs associated with old age. Read More

Health and Ageing: The Case for Long-Term Care

1. Introduction

Ageing is a structuring trend affecting the global economy. Sometimes seen as being limited to industrialized countries, it is in fact worldwide and, in absolute values, concerns the emerging much more than the industrialised countries.
Read More

Mental Health: Another Dimension of Health and Ageing

1. Introduction

Life expectancy in the United States continues to rise, reaching another all-time high of 77.6 years. While long life is almost always celebrated, it is merely the quantitative aspect of one’s existence. How the quality of life of a long-lived individual is affected by a prolonged period of living is a question not posed often enough. One of the major concerns of a long life is the possibility of ill health since the chances of frailty and dependency tend to rise with age. This paper discusses issues concerning quantity of life and quality of life in the context of health and ageing. Although the frame of reference is that of the United States, some of the observations and implications may have relevance for other countries as well1.
Read More

Health Care System in the Industrialised Countries and the Role of Private Insurance

1. Introduction

In the industrialised economies, health plays a central role in the individual scale of values. As a result of the advances in medicine that have generated new expectations in the fight against disease, the demand for quality of life has become part of our daily experience. Citizens no longer accept the inevitability of illness and absolutely reject sickness and pain.
Governments are faced with a new scenario: on the one hand, citizens are prioritizing the quality of health care services, on the other health costs are constantly on the rise, as a result of scientific and technological developments in medicine and an aging population. These are the main forces behind the demand for additional health care services, the increased cost of which is to be borne by the State.
Read More

Long-Term Care: A Key Issue for the 2005 White House Conference on Ageing

1. Introduction

The 2005 White House Conference on Ageing is scheduled for December in Washington, D.C. This once-a-decade Conference will be the fifth in the series dating from 1961. While past Conferences had all dealt with numerous issues as they should, each Conference had its major focus — for example, health care in 1961, income maintenance in 1971, and social security in 1981. What should be the major focus of the 2005 Conference? I nominate long-term care, despite the fact that social security reform has dominated discussions of domestic policy this year.
Read More