The 2005 White House Conference on Ageing is scheduled for December in Washington, D.C. This once-a-decade Conference will be the fifth in the series dating from 1961. While past Conferences had all dealt with numerous issues as they should, each Conference had its major focus — for example, health care in 1961, income maintenance in 1971, and social security in 1981. What should be the major focus of the 2005 Conference? I nominate long-term care, despite the fact that social security reform has dominated discussions of domestic policy this year.