Category Archive for 'Paper No.13 /2009'
The Long Term Costs of Lifestyle Risks. Pathways to Change: A Case Study in the UK
Nick Bosanquet and Helen Rainbow
Secondary Dementias and Prevention
The current dimensions of the socio-economic development of Bulgaria impose the multi-pillar/multi-stratum model of pension security, which guarantees the simultaneous existence, coordination and mutual complementing of various forms of pension security protection. Read More
Italy and Denmark from Early Retirement to Active Ageing. Problems and Solutions for Structural Unemployment and Pension Funding
1. Introduction: The Possibilities of the New Politics
Over the last fifteen years the welfare state has undergone an undeniable process of policy and institutional change. Confronting the empirical evidence of an unexpected political commitment to unpopular socio-economic reforms, the influential interpretation of welfare institutions as immovable objects or frozen landscapes revealed itself to be an oversimplification (Arza and Kohli, 2007). Read More
1. The Demographic Development
In most developed countries the share of the population of active age is declining. The share above active age is increasing due to low fertility and the fact that people are living longer. Read More
For over twenty years demographic research has revealed that the more economically developed countries are witnessing a new demographic phase, known as “second demographic transition”. Among the principal implications of this is the change in the age structure of the population with a growth in numbers among the older age groups. Read More
The increase in the length of life represents one of the great challenges for contemporary society. It will reshape the structure and demographic profile of the generational system and of our society as a whole, with consequences for the social and economic system.
Population ageing is one of the most significant characteristics of western society in qualitative as well as quantitative terms. This has a direct impact on the organisation of labour and the dynamics that govern it, where a person’s age is considered one of the main reference points for both entry into and exit from the market.
It is well known today that the number of centenarians is increasing in Europe but this knowledge is relatively new. In his seminal paper on the compression of morbidity in 1980, one of the main arguments used by James Fries, to justify the choice of his ultimate survival curve distributed around the modal life span of 85 years was the total absence of any increase in the number of centenarians since the 19th century in England & Wales (Fries, 1980). Read More
Aging in the United States and South Korea: Reexamining the Recommendations of the Commission on Global Aging
In 2002, the Commission on Global Aging, a blue-ribbon panel co-chaired by former U.S. Vice President Walter Mondale, former Japanese Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto and former Deutsche Bundesbank Chairman Karl Otto Pöhl, issued its report outlining a series of policy recommendations for addressing the adverse economic and financial consequences of population aging across different regions and countries. Read More
Demographic and labour market changes in Europe are creating new demands for care work, for both children and dependent adults. The well-established trend to ageing in all EU Member States, albeit at varying pace, will ultimately create larger numbers of people in need of long-term care. Read More