1. An ageing Population — A Challenge for the Employment Policy
For several decades the share of older people in the population has gradually increased in the industrialised countries. This development started early in the Scandinavian countries, especially Sweden, but is now prevalent in all industrialised countries and also in many others. Table 1 shows the development between 1975 and 2000 in a number of countries and a forecast for development up to year 2030 made by the U.S. Department of Commerce and U.S. Census Bureau.
Sweden had a special partial pension scheme between 1976 and 2001. It was one of three part-time pension schemes in the social security system. The other two were a partial early old-age pension, and a partial disability pension.
The special partial pension scheme became very popular with a high take-up rate and was criticized for being too expensive. As a part of the decision on the old age pension scheme in 1994, the partial pension scheme was made less generous, and the scheme was totally abolished from the year 2001. The other two options for combining work and receiving a pension continue.