Memory of Orio Giarini

It is with deep sorrow that I have to inform our readers that Orio Giarini, founder and editor of the European Papers on the New Welfare, has left us on February 28 this year. I consider it appropriate to trace his significant biographical data, which fully justify the cultural tenor of this magazine.

Born in Trieste on 31.1.1936 , he graduated in Political Economy in 1959, winning the Torre Tasso prize for his thesis on European integration. He won a Fulbright Scholarship in 1955 at the University of Austin, Texas. He was lecturer for two decades at the European Center of Culture and then at the University of Geneva. He also held numerous courses at the University of Lausanne, at the University Cattolica in Milan, at the University La Sapienza in Rome and at the Agnelli Foundation, and published a dozen books in various languages, including Japanese.

From 1959 to 1965 he managed various marketing activities in Europe for the Montecatini Company, in textile and chemical fields.

From 1965 to 1973 he directed the Technical-Economic Research Division at the Battelle Institute (Geneva) and from 1973 to 2001, on proposal by Fabio Padoa Schioppa, he developed the Geneva Association (International Association for the Study of Economics in Insurance), today the world’s leading research center on risks and insurance, personally supported by 80 presidents (CEO, Chief Executive Officers) of the main insurance companies in five continents, including China and India. Raymond Barre (later Prime Minister of France) was its first president.

From 1962 to 1969 he was General Secretary of the European Federalist Movement in Paris. Honorary member of the Club of Rome, he was ” Trustee ” (Administrator) of the World Academy of Art and Science and Honorary President of the European Association of Risk and Insurance Economists, based in Geneva. He had in 2006 a nomination at the Insurance Hall of Fame in Chicago (Smetana Gallery, New York).

In the most recent decades, from Trieste and from Geneva he promoted the Institute of Risk which, alongside European papers on the New Welfare, since 2008 published Cadmus, the magazine of the World Academy of Art and Science (, Pondicherry – India) .

The editorial board of European Papers on the New Welfare, which I currently represent, is now willing to continue the activity of publication of this prestigious magazine, numbering more than 30,000 views per month on the basis of statistics, for a total of more than 70,000 pages and with more than a couple of hundreds of contributions.

Nevertheless, the most pressing justification continues to be a true enthusiasm for Orio Giarini’s intuition of the idea of “counteraging”. The senile age, in fact, in its current wideness and connotation, represents in the Western world a new reality, present for less than fifty years as a result of industrialization, urbanization and improvement of physical conditions, that is , of the technological progress. Moreover, it appears likely that, within a few decades countries that are developing at present will experience these same realities. Of course, these realities can be considered as a serious problem or a very stimulating opportunity. Our society, still unprepared with this respect, reasonably attempts to help aged people at best. Professor Giarini, from his macroeconomic perspective, proposes the opposite philosophy, as widely illustrated in the first issue of “European Papers ” of 2005. Since individuals aged 60 to 80 already represent more than 20 % of the population in developed countries, it seems obvious that this perspective will be successful in permeating and changing our culture. Rather, the current challenge is to combine the welfare logic towards the elderly with that of keeping active and productive even after the age of 60-65. With these assumptions, European Papers continue to welcome monographs focused on welfare policies dedicated to the elderly, besides extensions of the concept of the counteraging philosophy and more general articles on current aspects of the philosophy of our society.