Intertwining of Ageing and Sustainability in Eastern Europe

8. Conclusions

A transition from red to gray leading to an increased aging population will bring significant challenges to Eastern European societies. It also represents a major test for their economic and social structures. The only way to avoid major problems, in particular with the pension and health care systems and given the lack of an educated workforce is the building of a knowledge-based society. Such a transition will require a significant increase in life-long learning and in the importance of the role of science in our societies. Here we presented an outline of practical steps by which such a transition could be achieved. In those countries, where this transition to knowledge-based societies will be successful, the obtained changes will be beneficial both to economic performance as well as to the sustainability of these societies.


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