EUROPEAN PAPERS ON THE NEW WELFARE

Technological Changes, the Reversal of Age Pyramids and the Future of Retirement Systems

Two large countries deserve special mention. China has an age structure similar to that of a matured post-industrial country, and has not experienced the ‘natural’ evolutionary ‘baby boom’, but this is the result of the very strict birth control of recent decades. On the other hand, the USA, though a definite ‘post-industrial country’, still has a rectangular shaped population pyramid rather than an inverted pyramid. The main reason for this anomaly, of course, is the absorption of many new immigrants by the USA.

Figure 8: Population Pyramid Summary for Japan
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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, International database.

Figure 9: Population Pyramid Summary for Germany
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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, International database.

Figure 10: Population Pyramid Summary for China
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kahane-fig-10b.gif
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Source: U.S. Census Bureau, International database.

Figure 11: Population Pyramid Summary for United States
kahane-fig-11a.gif
kahane-fig-11b.gif
kahane-fig-11c.gif
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, International database.


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